PDF pending restoration
ERIC Number: ED121964
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976-Mar-11
Reference Count: 0
Some Facets of Cross-Cultural Communication and Their Implications for ABE and ESL Teachers.
Niemi, John A.
Adult educators, recognizing grade communication problems between members of middle-class society (to which most belong) and individuals from culturally different groups are attending to cross-cultural communication research. Vastly different perceptions of reality, shaped by distinctive value systems and attitudes, underlie the problems. Intersection fields of experience, necessary to communication, may be extremely limited. Nonverbal transmissions are highly susceptible to misinterpretation. Communication barriers include differences in native language, the severe language limitations the "hard core poor" suffers outside its milieu, and the unrecognized reliance of many groups on nonverbal communication. Implications for adult educators are: (1) they must understand the communication process; (2) they must realize that they perceive reality differently from their students; (3) they must respect the languages of culturally different groups; (4) they should not overlook the importance of relevant oral communication in the learning process; (5) they must be acutely aware of the nonverbal modes of communication; (6) they must understand proxemics (the study of human space needs); and (7) they must be aware of the negative implications of superordinate-subordinate communication patterns. Finally, adult educators must utilize the vast array of materials and media available to them. (Author/AJ)
Descriptors: Adult Basic Education, Adult Education, Adult Educators, Adult Students, Classroom Communication, Communication Problems, Communication Skills, Communication (Thought Transfer), Cultural Awareness, Cultural Differences, Cultural Influences, Culture Conflict, Disadvantaged, Educational Problems, English (Second Language), Interference (Language), Language Research, Nonverbal Communication, Speech Communication, State of the Art Reviews
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Speech presented at Northern Illinois Area Workshop: Adult and Continuing Education (Rock Island, Illinois, March 11, 1976)