ERIC Number: ED121955
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1973
Reference Count: 0
An Analysis of Hierarchical Structure and Recreational Activity.
Laudeman, Kent; And Others
A stratified random sample was used to determine whether differences existed among the various levels of management personnel in physical, cultural, social, and home types of recreational activities. Approximately 70% of the samples (28 top-level managers, 25 middle-level managers, and 85 lower-level managers from two midwestern power company offices and an international corporation's midwestern office) completed and returned questionnaires consisting of demographic questions and one multidimensional question pertaining to participation in recreational activities. The activities were listed according to the four categories mentioned above; respondents at each managerial level indicated their degree of participation, from "frequently" to "never." Certain significant differences were found in types of recreational activities among the different management levels: top management is distinguished from the other levels by theater attendance and bridge playing, and from middle management by golf playing; middle management is dintinguished by its participation in tennis and dancing; and lower management is distinguished by participation in church activities, stereo hobbies, and games and nonparticipation in bridge. Similar findings in two 1950's studies tend to indicate the study findings can be generalized for a wider population. The questionnaire and an annotated bibliography are included. (AJ)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Western Michigan Univ., Kalamazoo.
Note: Annotated bibliography and appendixes A-C will reproduce poorly due to broken type