ERIC Number: ED121928
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1975-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
The Ecology of a Black Business District: Sociological and Historical Analysis.
WIlson, Franklin D.
A case history on the ecology of a black business district (B.B.D.) is presented, with respect to its location, development, persistence, and decline. Some of the major points emphasized in various sections are: (1) the ecological development of the B.B.D. in Birmingham is somewhat similar to the pattern identified for B.B.Ds in other southern cities; (2) the location of black businesses moves from a pattern of dispersion to contiguous concentration in the B.B.D. (3) the B.B.D. traditionally functions as a cultural and social center for blacks, and attached to it are certain establishments and a population that embraces a deviant or underworld culture; (4) the B.B.D. is experiencing land use changes, as indicated by the substantial decline in the number of businesses located within its boundaries during the past decade; and, (5) high business failures and the relocation of other businesses are the primary indicators of the declining functions of the B.B.D. with respect to the black population of Birmingham. While the fate of B.B.Ds located in other large cities throughout the nation cannot be generalized about, a few observations on the possible implications that the data presented on the B.B.D. in Birmingham might represent are made. It is possible that other B.B.Ds might experience similar declines in the economic as well as sociocultural functions they are performing for blacks given similar conditions of development, increasing decentralization of the black population, and increasing changes in the structure of black-white relations. (Author/AM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Wisconsin Univ., Madison. Inst. for Research on Poverty.
Identifiers - Location: Alabama (Birmingham)