ERIC Number: ED121786
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976-Mar
Studies of Learning and Self-Contained Educational Systems, 1973-1976. Report No. 7601.
Norman, Donald A.
Studies of the teaching and learning process provide the basis for this research. The emphasis is on the nature of the tutorial interaction during the learning of complex material, with the eventual goal of being able to construct an automated, computer- controlled tutorial system. An active structural network (a type of semantic network) was used to represent both knowledge and procedures within the same data base. An event schema representation was developed to study the acquisition and organization of complex events. The schema was used to study students learning American Civil War history or how to program in the computer language FLOW. The studies of the learning and teaching processes are primarily concerned with developing models of the student and building automated tutorial instructional systems. The automated systems provide a controlled environment in which to observe learning and teaching, and the two topic areas of history and programming were used to ensure the generality of the models. The technique of incremental simulation, in which the computer performs whatever aspects of the tutorial project are fully understood and human tutors enact the roles of other system components, provides for the extension of understanding of the interactions among the components of the overall tutorial system. (Author/JMF)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Advanced Research Projects Agency (DOD), Washington, DC.; Office of Naval Research, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: California Univ., La Jolla. Center for Human Information Processing.