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ERIC Number: ED121757
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976
Pages: 30
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
The Relative Effects of Alternative Learning Structures on Attitudes and Achievements.
Carifio, James
This study compared two learning structures for an introductory course in tests and measurements in terms of their relative effects on attitudes and achievement. The first structure represented a functionally arranged instructional sequence (FAIS). The second represented a psychologically arranged instructional sequence (PAIS). The instructional sequencing effects were investigated in terms of a completely-crossed Treatment by Instructor by Aptitude design. The four instructors were male, well- trained in measurement, but with different degrees of experience in teaching this content. The subjects were 143 female and 14 male undergraduate elementary education majors enrolled in a 16 week block course. Students were quasi-randomly assigned to treatment groups. Students constructed their achievement tests (the performance measure) at the end of their unit on Measurement Theory. For the FAIS group this was near the beginning of the term; for the PAIS group this was near the end of the term. At the end of the term post attitude and instructor evaluation data were collected. A final summative achievement measure on all course objectives was administered 10 days later. Under the FAIS treatment the most experienced instructor got high achievement but negative attitude gains, whereas under the PAIS treatment this instructor got both high achievement and positive attitude gains. The PAIS treatment produced consistent results regardless of instructor or level of aptitude. (RC)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (San Francisco, California, 1976)