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ERIC Number: ED121643
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975
Pages: 8
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
In Defense of Values Clarification.
Kirschenbaum, Howard; And Others
In this position paper, the authors respond to the frequent criticisms and charges that values clarification is value free, relativistic, superficial, and without a cogent theoretical or research base. The authors first examine values clarification as theory. As originally developed by Raths, values education is a theory based on the thinking of John Dewey. Although not a complete theory, it does complement other partial theories of value and moral development, and it should not be seen as superficial. Some of the main elements of the theory are examined, including the methods and goals and the valuing process itself. Secondly, because of the nature of the valuing process, it cannot be assumed that values clarification is value free or relativistic. Students are continually encouraged to develop their values and certain kinds of choices are promoted over others. For example, critical thinking is preferred over noncritical thinking, and choosing freely is considered better than yielding passively to authority. Lastly, research and theory in the areas of moral reasoning are expanding, providing a growing body of theoretical and research data. Some of the available research is examined. On a final note, recommendations for the future of values clarification are discussed. (Author/JR)
National Humanistic Education Center, 110 Spring Street, Saratoga Springs, New York 12866 ($0.40, discounts available)
Publication Type: Books
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A