ERIC Number: ED121551
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1975-Dec
Reference Count: N/A
The Western Aspect of Renewed Nonmetropolitan Population Growth in the United States. Special Report for The Western Rural Development Center, Oregon State University, December 1975.
Beale, Calvin L.
U.S. Census data (1970-74) comparing population trends in the West were analyzed in reference to the recent urban to rural migration patterns exemplified by a total U.S. metropolitan population growth of 3.4 percent vs a nonmetropolitan growth of 5.6 percent (1970-74). In the West it was found that: (1) population increased 6.9 percent with somewhat less than half that increase coming from inmovement; (2) rural areas had shifted from net outmovement in the 60's to substantial inmovement in the 70's, rural growth being highest in counties adjacent to metropolitan areas and counties having lower growth rates still demonstrating a growth of 9.2 percent, a rate double that of the U.S. average; (3) rural growth was occasioned by recreational and retirement communities, an increasing American Indian population, mining and manufacturing industry, and state institutions; (4) of the 65 counties with decreased populations, roughly half were in the Great Plains area; (5) the Los Angeles and San Francisco areas had lost 39,000 people, but other western metropolitan areas had had just as much inmigration since 1970 as they had had in the 60's; (6) the rural migrant tended to be characterized as intermediate in terms of his area of origin and destination; (7) while rural migration may improve communities, it may also present environmental problems (water, pollution, land use), but the trend is such that it cannot be ignored. (JC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Western Rural Development Center, Corvallis, OR.