ERIC Number: ED121535
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1974-Aug
The Role of the Indian in the Western Comic Book. Monograph No. 3.
Green, Vicki Ann
Investigating the role and characterization of the American Indian as depicted in the Western comic book, a study was conducted wherein 44 comics containing at least two Indians were randomly selected from a list of 207 for analyzation. Utilizing three outside readers (a Canadian nurse, housewife, and Indian student), modified procedures of content analysis were employed to categorize and analyze pictorial and verbal data indicative of: physical appearance; dress and ornamentation; cultural materials; goals and values; and verbal symbols. Significant findings reflecting Indian stereotypes among the stories analyzed were: (1) grim facial expressions (100 percent); (2) Indians as naked above the waist, wearing loincloth, leggings, mocassins, and sandals; (3) dominance of the raiding, followed by the hunting economy; (4) violence initiated by Indians against non-Indians; (5) non-Indian protagonist/heroes (86.4 percent) vs Indian villains (77.3 percent); (6) personality traits of vengeance, hatred, and revenge; (7) goal attainment for both Indians and whites via physical violence; (8) 141 non-Indian generalizations about Indians vs 61 Indian generalized statements; (9) 268 examples of poor speech vs 10 non-Indian examples; (10) adjectives describing the Indian as aggressive, revengeful, cruel, treacherous, cowardly vs those describing the non-Indian as alert, persistent, individualistic, industrious, and shrewd. (JC)
Descriptors: American Indians, Comics (Publications), Comparative Analysis, Ethnic Stereotypes, Literary Influences, Self Concept, Social Influences, Whites
Indian and Northern Education Program, College of Education, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada, S7N OWO ($1.00)
Publication Type: Books
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Saskatchewan Univ., Saskatoon. Indian and Northern Curriculum Resources Centre.
Identifiers - Location: Canada