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ERIC Number: ED121109
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1967-Jan-21
Pages: 31
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Bilingualism Today.
Williams, Jac. L.
Bilingualism implies ability to use either of two languages without difficulty when necessary. Half a million Welshmen are in this position. Coordinate bilingualism, normally achieved through contact with two languages in early childhood, is perhaps the most desirable type of bilingualism. In compound bilingualism, one language continues to dominate when the other language is spoken. A century ago, minority languages like Welsh and Irish were suppressed in favor of stronger, more socially acceptable languages. This attitude has been replaced by a desire to preserve and develop national and minority languages. In many small nations, achievement of a linguistic equilibrium in bilingualism is regarded as a political, cultural and economic necessity. In an era of both nationalism and internationalism, several European countries are fostering their minority languages. For bilinguals, the national language answers community and cultural identity needs, while the international language serves for wider communication and advancement. Numerous studies showing that bilingual children have lower educational achievement may be unscientific. Evidence from Welsh dual-medium schools suggests that exposure to two languages at a very early age and continued education in two vernaculars is the best system. Bilingualism must also be encouraged in the community through state support and native-language television and radio programming. (CHK)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: United Kingdom (Wales)