ERIC Number: ED121108
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1970
Reference Count: N/A
Oral Facility in Bilingual and Monoglot Children. Pamphlet No. 18.
Jones, Arfon R.
The oral communication skills of bilingual students in Wales were examined in a study reported in this paper. Oral facility was treated according to five indices: quantity and quality of words in the oral response, time taken to complete the response, length of pauses and number of corrections and repetitions. Pictorial frames provided a visual stimulus. Three standard tests were used to measure intelligence and English and Welsh attainment. The sample included 291 children aged 10-12, grouped according to socioeconomic class, "Welshness" of linguistic background and type of school. It appeared that middle-class children achieved higher on the standard tests than working-class children, but showed no differences in Welsh oral facility and differed in English oral facility only in the quality index. The main differences in oral facility are between linguistic-background groups, rather than socioeconomic classes. The more Welsh or English in the child's background, the lower the quality of oral responses in the other language. The language of instruction in school and the emphasis on written or oral work in teaching also affect scores. Care should be taken in selecting both the medium and the method of instruction for each child. (CHK)
Descriptors: Bilingual Schools, Bilingual Students, Bilingualism, English, Language Skills, Language Tests, Linguistic Performance, Monolingualism, Psycholinguistics, Sociolinguistics, Speech Communication, Speech Skills, Teaching Methods, Welsh
The Dean, Faculty of Education, University College of Wales, Cambrian St., Aberystwyth, Wales (5 shillings)
Publication Type: Books
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Wales Univ., Aberystwyth. Univ. Coll. of Wales.
Identifiers - Location: United Kingdom (Wales)