ERIC Number: ED121072
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1974
Reference Count: 0
A Contrastive Study of the English and Hungarian Article. The Hungarian-English Contrastive Linguistics Project, Working Papers No. 5.
This is a two-way contrastive analysis of the use of the article in English and Hungarian. The study works in both theoretical and applied contrastive linguistics by stating the rules governing determination and developing a methodology for analysis, and by noting language acquisition difficulties to reduce language learning interference. Part One deals with means for expressing determination in English and Hungarian noun phrases, contrasted from the standpoint of article use. The main differences concerning the relation of demonstratives and possessive determiners to articles are discussed. In noun classification, the system of English countable and uncountable nouns is contrasted with Hungarian. The distinction between English quantifiers "much" and "little" and numericals"many" and "few" is analyzed. Individual and non-individual features of Hungarian countable common nouns are observed. Part Two gives a contrastive analysis of English and Hungarian articles showing usage rules and examples. Predictions of errors are made for learners of each language. Difficult cases are presented, as English "there is/are" and uses of "most." Use of "some" is contrasted with the Hungarian zero article. Articles are analyzed with nominal objects and predicates, and the role of word order in Hungarian article usage is examined. (CHK)
Descriptors: Applied Linguistics, Contrastive Linguistics, Descriptive Linguistics, Determiners (Languages), English, Form Classes (Languages), Hungarian, Interference (Language), Language Instruction, Morphology (Languages), Second Language Learning, Syntax
Dorothy Rapp, Center for Applied Linguistics, 1611 N. Kent St., Arlington, Virginia 22209 ($3.00)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Budapest.; Ford Foundation, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Budapest. Linguistics Inst.; Center for Applied Linguistics, Washington, DC.