ERIC Number: ED121070
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1972
Reference Count: 0
Contrastive Research on Hungarian and English in the United States. The Hungarian-English Contrastive Linguistics Project, Working Papers No. 3.
This survey offers a brief description of the contribution of American scholars to contrastive research on Hungarian and English. The studies are divided into contrastive and experimental work. A study by John Lotz (1943) demonstrated the non-congruence of the number category in Hungarian noun declension with English. Later Lotz studies (1966 and 1969) compared the morphophonemics and semi-vowels of the two languages. A Nemser and Juhasz study (1964) is a two-way analysis for teaching either language to speakers of the other. Balint (1966) demonstrated that in English and Hungarian "many sentences occur in which time is indicated by other means than verbs and time expressions." A recent work by Orosz is an extensive contrastive study of the two grammars for pedagogical purposes. The earliest experimental contrastive research on Hungarian and English (1960) reported on perception of English stops by speakers of English, Hungarian and other languages. A 1961 study by Nemser assessed the validity of contrastive principles relating to the prediction and explication of interference. The 1964 Nemser and Juhasz volume presented a general theoretical discussion of language contact. A 1968 study by Madarasz concerned contrastive and error analysis in learning English and, particularly, Hungarian. (CHK)
Descriptors: Contrastive Linguistics, Descriptive Linguistics, English, Hungarian, Interference (Language), Language Instruction, Language Research, Literature Reviews, Morphophonemics, Phonology, Second Language Learning, State of the Art Reviews
Dorothy Rapp, Center for Applied Linguistics, 1611 N. Kent St., Arlington, Virginia, 22209 ($2.50)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Ford Foundation, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Budapest. Linguistics Inst.; Center for Applied Linguistics, Washington, DC.