ERIC Number: ED121057
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1975-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
Problems in the Creation of a Standard Dialect of Romanes. Working Papers in Sociolinguistics, No. 25.
Hancock, Ian F.
Romanes is the collective name for dialects spoken by over six million Rom throughout the world. It is felt that a standard language is an essential factor for the attainment of a united future and the possible creation of the Gypsy state of Romanestan. This paper deals with some of the problems involved in creating such a unified and standardized language, particularly problems of orthographic standardization. The central issues include: (1) prevailing non-Gypsy attitudes towards the Rom and Romanes, with the consequent effects upon the attitudes of the speakers toward themselves and their language; (2) the diversity of dialects, which raises the question of whether a composite variety should be created rather than standardizing one existing dialect; (3) the problem of individuals who no longer speak Romanes per se, but rather creolized forms of the language; and (4) the question of literacy, and attitudes towards it and formal education in general. Accompanying the discussion of these issues are a historical sketch of Romanes and a description of its modern dialects, a phonological description and a discussion of specific linguistic problems, specifically those encountered in devising an orthography. (Author/CLK)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Social Science Research Council, New York, NY. Committee on Sociolinguistics.
Authoring Institution: N/A