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ERIC Number: ED121054
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1974-Mar
Pages: 9
Abstractor: N/A
Some Issues in Bilingual Education in Canada.
Swain, Merrill
The basic language issues in Canada are two-fold: (1) French-Canadians are making serious attempts to maintain their native language and culture, and a move towards French unilingualism is apparent; (2) English-Canadians are showing increasing interest in becoming bilingual, mainly because they are not threatened by native language loss or by cultural assimilation; and they are gradually accepting the economic and educational advantages of learning French. Some of the bilingual programs developed for English-speaking students are discussed. Evaluations of these programs have attempted to answer questions concerning the effect of bilingual education on French and English proficiency, the students. knowledge of curriculum subjects other than language, and IQ and cognitive development. Results indicate that bilingual programs do not affect cognitive development or achievement in curriculum subjects. Although children in total immersion programs do lag behind in English skills, they catch up when English Language Arts instruction is begun. Secondary students' English skills are not affected, and both primary and secondary students have French skills superior to students in regular language classes. Better results are obtained in reading skills by introducing reading first in French in the immersion programs. In addition, one study has noted that students in immersion programs may develop and reinforce their own classroom dialect of French. (CLK)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Canada