ERIC Number: ED121015
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1975-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
A Premackian Approach to Developing Communication in Autistic Children: A Comparison of the Effects of Symbol Versus Speech Training on the Behavior of Autistic Children. Final Report.
Blair, Nancy G.
Evaluated were the effects of symbol versus speech training instruction on the behavior of four autistic children (8-9 years old). Following observation of their classroom and free play behavior, Ss participated in a training sequence involving Peabody Rebus Reading symbols and more traditional speech training procedures. Ss' inappropriate behavior (including self stimulation, echolalic speech, self-destructive behavior, and tantrum behavior) was recorded. Analysis of data indicated that two Ss showed no significant difference in inappropriate responding during the two types of instruction; one S showed slightly fewer inappropriate behaviors in speech training, and one S demonstrated fewer inappropriate responses in rebus training. Results suggested that the primary dysfunction in autistic children may be an inability to deal with all symbols, verbal and nonverbal, rather than strictly a language deficit. (CL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Bureau of Education for the Handicapped (DHEW/OE), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Kent State Univ., OH. Dept. of Special Education.