ERIC Number: ED120998
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1976-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
History of Oxygen Therapy and Retrolental Fibroplasia.
James, L. Stanley, Ed.; Lanman, Jonathan T., Ed.
Supplement to Pediatrics, v57 n4 Apr76
Presented is a historical report on the use of oxygen therapy with premature infants and the development of retrolental fibroplasia (RLF), a condition leading to detachment of the retina and arrest of growth of the eye. Covered are the following topics: the early history of oxygen use for premature infants (such as for prevention of cyanotic attacks); the history, pathology, and pathogenesis of RLF; the implication of oxygen in RLF; and the impact of controlled studies on mortality and morbidity on changing recommendations and practice in the use of oxygen. It is concluded that any concentration of oxygen in excess of that in air is associated with the risk of developing RLF. Oxygen therapy for premature infants is said to present a balanced risk of death or brain damage from too little oxygen versus blindness from too much oxygen. Appendixes include the American Academy of Pediatrics recommendations on oxygen use from 1954 to 1971. (LS)
Descriptors: Blindness, Etiology, Exceptional Child Research, History, Infants, Medical Services, Premature Infants, Research Reviews (Publications), Visual Impairments
American Academy of Pediatrics, 1801 Hinman Avenue, Evanston, Illinois 60204 ($5.00)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: American Academy of Pediatrics, Evanston, IL.