ERIC Number: ED120898
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1976-Apr-20
Reference Count: N/A
Thinking About How to Do It: Alternative Models of Planning and Implementation of New Schools.
Miles, Matthew B.
This paper examines six alternative planning/implementation (P/I) models identified from a review of the literature and then discusses the empirical P/I models observed in operation at three field sites where groups are working to create new, nontraditional schools. Separate sections of the paper define and clarify the functions of P/I models, suggest criteria for judging good planning and implementation, discuss five underlying dimensions of P/I models, apply these dimensions to six "classic" P/I models, discuss the empirical P/I models observed at three field sites, and make some general predictions about the types of P/I models that are likely to be effective under particular conditions. Much of the paper is devoted to discussion of six "classic" P/I models; these include the"muddling through" model, the "natural development" model, the engineering/architecture model, the rationalized planning model, the simulation model, and the adaptive planning model. (JG)
Descriptors: Bibliographies, Change Strategies, Educational Planning, Elementary Secondary Education, Experimental Schools, Field Studies, Literature Reviews, Meetings, Models, Program Descriptions, School Planning
Center for Policy Research, 475 Riverside Drive, New York, New York 10027
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.; Columbia Univ., New York, NY. Teachers College.
Authoring Institution: N/A