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ERIC Number: ED120802
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976
Pages: 12
Abstractor: N/A
When the Bookkeeping System Takes Over: The Effects of Grading Compositions on Student Attitudes.
Wagner, Eileen Nause
Communications to college students about the value of their composition are better expressed in words than in letter grades. Research by Sweet and Seidman suggests that free-style, positive comment on student papers produces a markedly improved attitude toward writing. The author's own research reveals that in the presence of positive, free comment, the addition or deletion of a letter grade does not significantly alter attitude improvement as measured by the Osgood Semantic Differential. While the grade itself does not appear to have a negative effect on students' desire to write, its implications for the teacher are more far-reaching. Letter grading consumes much of the instructor's time and therefore encourages the tendency to assign fewer papers. More importantly, letter grading directs the teacher's commentary to the negative aspects of student work, thus interfering with effective positive feedback. (KS)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Conference on College Composition and Communication (27th, Philadelphia, March 25-27, 1976)