ERIC Number: ED120756
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975
Reference Count: 0
Beyond Phase Electives: English Programs in Optional Public Schools.
Smith, Vernon H.
Optional alternative public schools have been developed as an expression of the democratic ideal of individual choice. Alternative systems offer the opportunity for individuated instruction, contact with the "real world" community, and community control of educational decision-making. However, reforms in the last few decades have encouraged standardization of public schools. Alternative systems can offer a greater range of flexibility and responsiveness to student and community differences. Open schools, schools without walls, learning centers, multi-cultural shcools, and free schools are among those possible alternative systems. English programs in alternative settings differ from those in public schools mainly in the individuated nature of instruction, which results in greater acceptance of individual diversity, more nurturing of creativity, more concern with the process of learning, and more attention to skill development. In the future, optional alternative schools will serve as a complement to the public system in the attempt to provide the best possible educational environment for every child. (KS)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Secondary School English Conference of the National Council of Teachers of English (3rd, Kansas City, Missouri, April 18-20, 1975)