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ERIC Number: ED120692
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976
Pages: 32
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Forgetting of Prose as a Function of Interpolated Passage Content and Organization.
Andre, Thomas; And Others
In three studies subjects read two successive passages and then were tested for retention of the first. Each passage described the characteristics of a series of entities (diseases or countries) along a series of dimensions (symptoms, cause, etc., or climate, soil type, etc.). The first passage described five diseases and was organized by name; each paragraph treated a different disease in turn. Second passages were either name-organized or dimension-organized (each paragraph treats a different dimension), and discussed one of three different contents. A change in organization from first to second passage was expected to reduce interference. Instead the effect of a change in organization was moderated by the structural relationships that existed between the original and interpolated passages. The third experiment demonstrated that when subjects were made aware of the underlying structures of the passages, retroactive inhibition was eliminated. These findings have implications for understanding the nature of the memory structures and encoding strategies employed by subjects while learning from reading. (Author)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (San Francisco, April 19-23, 1976)