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ERIC Number: ED120601
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975-May
Pages: 15
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Different Blames for Different Names: Divergent Self-Other Attributions for Success and Failure.
Medway, Frederic J.; And Others
The effects of actor identity on achievement attributions for success and failure were investigated. Subjects filled out a locus of control scale either for themselves, a neutral other, a liked other, or a disliked other. Within each actor identity variation, the scale items were either (1) unchanged from the original version or specified as (2) important or (3) unimportant. On positive (success) scale items, more personal causation was assigned for neutral and liked others than for the self and less for the self than for disliked others. On negative (failure) scale items, less personal causation was assigned for liked others than for the self and neutral others and less for these two groups than for disliked others. Further inspection of individual causes (ability, effort, task difficulty, and luck) indicated that successful neutral others were credited similar to liked others and unsuccessful neutral others were blamed similar to disliked others. Item importance had little effect on causal attributions and did not produce evidence consistent with self-serving attributional notions. The implications of the results for both attributional analyses of achievement motivation and self-other perspective were discussed. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Midwestern Psychological Association (46th, Chicago, Illinois, May 2-4, 1975)