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ERIC Number: ED120589
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975
Pages: 17
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
A Composite Counseling Strategy for Developing Internal Locus of Control Orientations and Success Expectancy.
Mink, Oscar G.
Internal-External Locus of Control refers to the extent to which persons perceive contingency relationships between their actions and subsequent outcomes. Those who believe they have some control over payoffs in their lives are called "Internals.""Externals," on the other hand, believe consequences are directed by agents outside of themselves. Beginning in 1968 on the campus of Penn State University and continuing through to the present, the author has assisted in or conducted a series of investigations aimed at identifying and defining counseling strategies which assist clients in developing internality. The investigations at Penn State were conducted as pilot studies in group process. These studies were not conducted as traditional exPeriments but utilized clinical observations and quasi-experimental designs, using experimental groups as their own control. The subjects were college students, professors and administrators from a large state university who attended a three-day group weekend. In all there were 127 participants divided into nine T-groups. The counselors synthesized and applied Rogerian relationship variables, reinforcement counseling, traditional T-group work, and Reality Therapy. Results indicate significant shifts in the direction of internality on the part of the participants, as measured by the Rotter E-I scale with females registering the least amount of change. (Author/HMV)
Publication Type: Guides - General
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A