ERIC Number: ED120313
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1974-Jan-31
Reference Count: N/A
Federal Concern for Equality of Education Opportunity: Some Historical Indications.
Pemberton, S. Macpherson
Historical notes on national interest in the problem of educational inequality as well as a tracing of the initially gradual and then intensified Federal involvement with equal educational opportunity comprise the focus of this paper. The concept and various definitions of equal educational opportunity are also discussed. Section headings include: the earliest attempts (18th/19th centuries); the early challenge to the States; toward Federal consideration of equality of educational opportunity; the thrust of the 1959's; the 1960's toward greater Federal involvement; desegregation and equality of educational opportunity; development of the concept of equal educational opportunity; the search for a workable definition of equality of educational opportunity; and the three goals that should be adopted in the effort to achieve equality of educational opportunity (equal access to educational resources and elimination of fiscal discrimination, equality of educational benefits or outcomes among ethnic groups, and economic equality among ethnic groups in society). Efforts to eliminate inequalities in educational opportunity are considered to have produced some social mobility. There is deemed to be evidence of reasonable correlation between educational attainment and economic opportunity. A concerted attack to be conducted on both economic inequality and the inequalities in the educational systems is urged. (Author/AM)
Descriptors: American History, Disadvantaged, Economically Disadvantaged, Educational Legislation, Educationally Disadvantaged, Equal Education, Equal Opportunities (Jobs), Equalization Aid, Federal Aid, Federal Government, Federal Legislation, Federal Programs, Financial Policy, Minority Group Children
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.