ERIC Number: ED120271
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975-Aug
Attitude Versus Interaction: A Multitrait-Multimethod Analysis of Children's Racial Preferences.
Teplin, Linda A.
Interracial/interethic choice patterns of 398 third and fourth grade children are measured utilizing various methods, including both projectively-based and reality-based paradigms. Attempts are made to establish the equivalence or nonequivalence of the different methodologies used to assess interracial choice patterns. Results indicate that all reality-based and quasi reality-based methods are very highly correlated with each other, with very little statistical association between any reality or quasi reality-based and purely projectively-based methodologies. The demonstrated lack of convergent validity between the two methodologies suggests that each is tapping a unique construct: projectively based methods measure a cognitive type of attitude while reality-based methods measure more of an interactive or experimental phenomenon. The finding that the photograph sociometric technique explains no more than five percent of the variance in the choices obtained from the same respondents using the reality-oriented methods suggests that interaction patterns as assessed by reality-based methods cannot be inferred by projectively-based methodologies. Results also suggest that, when planning a research design in this area, the choice of methodology may influence several factors of the study, including the theoretical construct and the results. (Author/AM)
Descriptors: Childhood Attitudes, Cultural Influences, Elementary Secondary Education, Ethnic Relations, Grade 3, Grade 4, Interaction Process Analysis, Intergroup Relations, Photographs, Projective Measures, Racial Attitudes, Racial Factors, Research Design, Research Methodology, Research Problems, Sociometric Techniques, Visual Measures
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Spencer Foundation, Chicago, IL.
Authoring Institution: Northwestern Univ., Evanston, IL. Dept. of Education.
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Sociological Association (San Francisco, California, August 25-29, 1975)