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ERIC Number: ED120265
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976-Feb
Pages: 77
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Validation of a Multiple-Choice Cloze Test of Literal Comprehension: Summary Report.
O'Reilly, Robert P.; And Others
This report summarizes the development and validation of a test of literal comprehension based on a modified cloze technique. This modification of the cloze offers an objective and partially computerized procedure for constructing items in the multiple-choice format. A field test of the multiple-choice cloze (MCC) involved the administration of 36 test forms across three levels to 5,722 students in grades 1-9. A second measure of literal comprehension based on Bormuth's wh-item was adminstered for comparison. An examination of descriptive data indicates that the MCC and wh-item tests are generally consistent both within themselves and across the two test types. Both tests also proved to be highly reliable with a KR-20 range of .94 to .97 for the MCC, and .85 to .96 for the wh-item test. The construct validity of the MCC was supported by generally appropriate correlations with the wh-item, I.Q., California Achievement Test subscores, and a measure of passage independence. With the exception of one level, the factor analyses generated a first factor interpreted as literal comprehension and defined by the cloze, wh-item, and appropriate CAT subscores. A minor second factor included high loadings on I.Q. and inferential subscores of the CAT. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the National Council on Measurement in Education (San Francisco, Calif., April 19-23, 1976)