ERIC Number: ED120215
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1975-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
Condition Variables in Relation to Measured Student Performance: The Use of Indicators in Pennsylvania.
Coldiron, J. Robert; Skiffington, Eugene W.
In order to accurately assess quality education, it is essential to obtain objective information about student performance in a given school. Before this can be done, it is necessary to determine exactly what factors are related to student performance. Quality education implies goals, methods of reaching them, and criteria to judge progress in reaching them. An indicator is the measurement of a criterion of progress. In order to discuss indicators logically, Section I discusses their classifications. Indicators are seen as measures of input to the educational process, or as measures of the products (output) of the educational process, and some are seen as both input and output; that is, they are interactive. After a review of the literature, Section III describes briefly the Pennsylvania assessment program, student performance measures, indicators used in the Pennsylvania program, and procedures employed in the analysis and relationships observed among indicators. Although most of the observed relationships are based on the assessment of fifth and eleventh graders conducted between 1969 and 1973, additional findings on more recent assessment are also reviewed. In the final section, some citizen suggestions of indicators are translated from narrative statements to numerical codes. Such coding should give citizens a way to compare their school to another school or to some established standard. (RC)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Classification, Educational Assessment, Educational Objectives, Educational Quality, Elementary Secondary Education, Literature Reviews, Predictor Variables, State Programs, Student Evaluation
State Educational Accountability Repository (SEAR), Wisconsin Dept. of Public Instruction, 126 Langdon Street, Madison, Wisconsin 53702 (Free)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Colorado State Dept. of Education, Denver. Cooperative Accountability Project.
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Pennsylvania Educational Quality Assessment