ERIC Number: ED120172
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976
Reference Count: 0
The American Teacher: 1776-1976. Fastback No. 76.
Lemlech, Johanna; Marks, Merle B.
This monograph examines six periods in the history of teaching. The first section describes the period from 1776-1823 as a time when teaching was not the career choice of educated people. A case history of a New England school teacher is included in this section. The second section pictures the period 1820-60 as the time when teacher preparation schools and teacher associations began to appear. A case history is also presented in this section of a normal school student. The third section, covering 1860-1920, states that teachers were generally better educated during this period than previously. A more thorough knowledge of subject areas was required of those teaching high school students, and some teachers attended new departments of education in universities. Modernization of instruction is said to have developed in this period. A case study is included in this section of a teacher on an Indian reservation. The fourth section describes the change in status of teaching which occurred during 1920-45 from a part-time, seasonal occupation to a full-time occupation staffed by women rather than men. It is stated that a conflict developed during this period between academic and professional orientations of teaching programs. Also during this period, the public became concerned with illiteracy and the education of immigrants, blacks, and rural people. The period 1945-75 is described in section five as a time which included burgeoning power for teachers unions, a knowledge explosion, and social upheavals. Finally, in looking at the teacher of 1976, the three characteristics by which competent teachers are identified are discussed: teacher personality, student achievement, and teacher behaviors. This last section states that future teachers will have better skills and resources and will be better able to fulfill the specific needs of their students. (CD)
Publication Type: Books
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Phi Delta Kappa Educational Foundation, Bloomington, IN.