ERIC Number: ED120144
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1973-Oct-14
Reference Count: 0
An Analysis of the Claim that "Physical Education" Has Become a "Family Resemblance" Term.
Zeigler, Earle F.
In this paper, the author examines the confusion that currently exists concerning the term "physical education." In particular, he analyzes the claim that"physical education" is a "family resemblance" term--a word or phrase which may be used to denote fundamentally different concepts, but concepts in which there is some overlapping of characteristics. The author first discusses three developments in philosophy which have dealt with the function and purpose of philosophy: logical atomism, logical positivism, and ordinary language philosophy. The author then looks at four studies concerned with the meaning of some aspect of the term "physical education." Next, William Frankena's explanation of the various meaning of the term "education" are presented, and the author explains how he came to apply these and two additional meanings to the term "physical education." These meanings include (1) the subject matter, (2) the activity of education, (3) the process of being physically educated, (4) the actual or intended result of 2 or 3, (5) the discipline, and (6) the profession. The author continues his analysis of the term "physical education" with a diagram which includes its various meanings. He concludes that "physical education" has characteristics of both being a "family resemblance: term and of not being one (i.e., it cannot be definitely stated that "physical education" either is or is not a "family resemblance" term). (PCB)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: paper presented at the Canadian Congress for the Multi-Disciplinary Study of Sport and Physical Activity (1st, Montreal, Canada, October 14, 1973); Light print areas throughout document