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ERIC Number: ED120126
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1976
Pages: 19
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
The Role of Abstract Preferences in Determining Student Behavior in Problem Solving Tasks Within a Piagetian Framework.
Dunlop, David L.; Fazio, Frank
Preference scores were determined for several different groups of students ranging in age from seven to adult. In addition, instruments were administered to determine the cognitive level at which the students were capable of functioning. Comparisons between the students' cognitive level and preferences were made. The results indicated that the students' preference to a method of solving a problem was independent of the cognitive level of development. However, the data support the premise that preferences may be task dependent. Children who are only capable of functioning at the concrete level of operations frequently prefer to attempt to solve problems in a manner through which they are not capable of success. Further, formal operational children frequently prefer to solve problems in a concrete manner. A possible explanation is that they feel that the concrete mode will either be easier or more fun; additional research, however, will be needed to confirm this explanation. Another aspect of these studies compared the manner in which students actually began to solve a problem with a previously stated preference. It was found that the overall "consistent score" for both groups was similar; formal students, however, were generally more successful in solving the problems. (References and tables are included.) (Author)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A