ERIC Number: ED120109
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975
Reference Count: 0
How To Innovate Successfully.
Arnold, Daniel S.; Goodloe, Audrey
Today's Education, Jan/Feb 1974
The amount of change that has occurred in schools is unimpressive when compared to the financial and human resources devoted to the change effort in recent years. A small number of innovations have succeeded--either by surviving in a "near-original" form or by leaving a residue of desirable change. The causal factors present in apparently successful attempts to significantly change school programs seems to be the following: (1) the innovation is a response to a locally recognized educational need or problem; (2) the relationship between the innovation and the problem is clear to administrators, teachers, policy-making boards, and parents; (3) the innovation is an appropriate response to the defined problem; (4) the local school is making a significant investment of resources in the project; (5) the school staff understands the rationale for the innovative program and is adequately prepared to perform the tasks required for its success; (6) supplementary services are adequate to support teachers in the classroom during the initial stages; (7) the evaluative criteria are appropriate to the innovation and are applied during the course of the program as well as at its conclusion; (8) the innovative program is started on a manageable scale; and (9) program leadership is capable and remains relatively unchanged throughout the implementation period. (Each of these factors is discussed in this pamphlet.) (PB)
Descriptors: Change Strategies, Educational Change, Educational Innovation, Educational Problems, Program Evaluation, School Role, Staff Role, Success
NEA Publications, Order Department, The Academic Building, Saw Mill Road, West Haven, Connecticut 06516 (Stock No. 0945-2-00)
Publication Type: Journal Articles
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Education Association, Washington, DC.