ERIC Number: ED120102
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975-Mar
Hazard Analysis of Injuries Relating to Playground Equipment.
Consumer Product Safety Commission, Washington, DC.
The U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission estimates that from January 1, 1974 through December 31, 1974, approximately 118,000 persons received hospital emergency room treatment nationwide for injuries related to playground equipment. Of this estimate, approximately 45,000 injuries occurred on public playground equipment and approximately 41,000 on home playground equipment. Over three-fourths of the reported injuries involved children under 10 years of age. Lacerations, contusions/abrasions, and fractures accounted for 86 percent of the injuries. Nearly half of the injuries occurred to the head, and the injuries to the extremities comprised 41 percent of the total. More than two-thirds of the injuries occurring on home playground equipment involved swing sets. Climbing apparatus, slides, swings, and swing sets were each involved in from 25 to 35 percent of the injuries related to public playground equipment. Indepth studies of 83 public and 62 home playground-related injuries conducted since February 1973 indicated that the primary hazard pattern involved falls from the equipment. Other frequent patterns included instances in which the victim was struck with a moving piece of equipment; or an extremity was entrapped at a pivot or pinch point. Twenty-four death certificates showed that falls, hanging, and being struck by a moving part of the equipment were the most frequent causes of playground equipment deaths. (Author/RC)
Descriptors: Accidents, Children, Death, Equipment, Injuries, Play, Playground Activities, Playgrounds, Recreational Activities
U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission, Bureau of Epidemiology, 1750 K Street, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20207 (No price quoted)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Consumer Product Safety Commission, Washington, DC.
Note: Prepared by Bureau of Epidemiology