ERIC Number: ED119932
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1975-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
Environmental Issues in the Land Claims: One of a Series of Articles on the Native Land Claims.
As one in a series of eight articles written by different professionals concerned with Alaska Native land claims, this article focuses on the debate of environmental issues prior to passage of the Alaska Land Claims Settlement Act. Designed to stimulate careful political/historical reading and discussion at an advanced secondary or adult level, this booklet defines key words and presents 12 open-ended questions relative to the article. Major developments presented in the text include: (1) the pressures which posited the environmentalists in opposition to a coalition between the State of Alaska, the oil industry, the Nixon Administration, and the Natives--a coalition brought about by the desire to gain early settlement, lift the land freeze of 1966, and begin oil production on the North Slope, as oil production would benefit all coalition members; (2) the Senate's moderate position involving a joint Federal-State land-use planning commission to function in an advisory capacity vs the House's "either/or" debate on environmental issues (comprehensive planning vs the position that environmental control and land claims were separate issues); (3) the final compromise which stipulated Native priorities in land selection rights, partial State priorities under the Statehood Act, and advisory Federal-State role in land-use planning, and temporary withdrawal of certain lands for public interest study areas. (JC)
Publication Type: Guides - General
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Alaska State Dept. of Education, Juneau.; Alaska Univ., Fairbanks. Center for Northern Educational Research.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act 1972