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ERIC Number: ED119930
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1975-Jun
Pages: 20
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
The Politics of Passage: One of a Series of Articles on the Native Land Claims.
Martin, Guy
As one in a series of eight articles written by different professionals concerned with Alaska Native land claims, this article focuses on passage of the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act and emphasizes the influence of political and economic interests on the legislative process. Designed to stimulate careful political/historical reading and discussion at an advanced secondary or adult level, this booklet identifies and defines such key words as: compromise, conservative, chamber, self-determination, and lobbying. Among the major events discussed in the text are: (1) the early work on behalf of American Indians by Senators Henry Jackson and Edward Kennedy; (2) the "land freeze" of 1966 which effectively bound up 90 percent of Alaska's land and prevented development of the Trans-Alaskan Pipeline; (3) strengthening of the Alaska Native position via regional and national organization; (4) development of the Native bill which demanded 60 million acres with full title, more than one billion dollars in money settlement, and a Native management system; (5) Native lobbying efforts to gain support from Indian organizations, oil and other business interests, civil rights groups, the press, and the White House; (6) differences between the final House and Senate bills; (7) change in concern from "passage at any price" to "who gets what"; (8) the ultimate compromise. (JC)
Publication Type: Guides - General
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Alaska State Dept. of Education, Juneau.; Alaska Univ., Fairbanks. Center for Northern Educational Research.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act 1972