ERIC Number: ED119896
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1976-Feb-1
Reference Count: N/A
Common Vs. Class Differential Success-Values: Additional Evidence from the Deep South.
Byrd, Wayne L.
Utilizing data derived from survey questionnaires administered during 1968 to 427 white high school senior males, the following hypotheses were tested: (1) no class differentials exist with regard to the proportion in each class who place a high value on success; and (2) of those respondents who value success highly, a larger proportion of higher status youth will exhibit high levels of occupational and educational status projections than their lower status counterparts. The variables employed in data analysis were: (1) socioeconomic status, (2) occupational aspirations, (3) occupational expectations, (4) educational aspirations, (5) educational expectations, (6) success values index. Findings indicated: (1) there was a common value system relative to success which was operative across class lines; (2) lower class youth who valued success highly were more likely to exhibit lower-status expectations than their higher class counterparts but were not likely to exhibit corresponding differences in their aspirations. It was concluded that aspirations appear less indicative of an individual's value hierarchy because selection may come from other than "available" ends of action, while expectations denote a desired level of attainment realistically pursued. The data were collected in a study of nonmetropolitan youth from Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, South Carolina, and Texas. (JC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Cooperative State Research Service (USDA), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Texas A and M Univ., College Station. Texas Agricultural Experiment Station.