ERIC Number: ED119864
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1975-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
The Relationship of Apgar Scores to Neonatal Survival and Later Development: A Review. Interim Report No. 19.
Rubin, Rosalyn A.; And Others
This paper presents a review of the literature concerning the infant Apgar scoring system and its relationship to later mental and motor development. Since 1952, the Apgar scoring system has provided a viable means of assessing the infant's immediate postnatal condition. Researchers have demonstrated that while the 1-minute Apgar score is a useful indicator of the infant's postnatal condition, it does not seem to have the same strength as the 5-minute Apgar score which appears to provide a more sensitive indicator of the newborn's condition during the neonatal period. In addition, the Apgar system of assessment has been tentatively accepted as a basis for the prediction of later mental and motor development. The 5-minute score appears to be a more accurate predictor than the 1-minute score in regard to later development of the child. Further research (such as the ongoing Educational Follow Up Study) will help to determine the extent to which neonatal Apgar scores may be predictive of later language development, academic achievement, and school behavior. (Author/BRT)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Minnesota Univ., Minneapolis. Dept. of Psychoeducational Studies.