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ERIC Number: ED119860
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975-Aug
Pages: 14
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Pointing, Verbalizing, and Looking as Cues for Preschoolers.
Meacham, John A.; Nicolai, Philip
Preschool children were presented with conflicting cues in order to assess the importance of pointing, verbalizing, and looking by adults in directing the attention of children. The study involved two procedures: first, the experimenter indicated by pointing, verbalizing, or looking whether a big or little bead was to be put on a string by the child; following this, the child indicated for the experimenter which beads he should put on the string. Seven girls and 16 boys, ranging in age 3 to 6 years, were included in the study. Results indicated that children were most likely to attend to pointing cues of adults and least likely to attend to the adult's eyes as a cue. These results are contrary to suggestions that speech is of primary importance in the development of attention, and further suggest (1) the necessity of considering attention as a factor in investigations of various modes of representation; and (2) that the importance of nonverbal means of instruction for preschoolers should not be neglected. (Author/ED)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Expanded version of paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Psychological Association, (83rd, Chicago, Illinois, August 30-September 3, 1975)