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ERIC Number: ED119859
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1975
Pages: 13
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Prospective Remembering and External Retrieval Cues.
Meacham, John A.; Dumitru, Jennifer
Prospective remembering (remembering to carry out specific activities at some future time) was investigated in this study. This investigation focused on episodic prospective remembering (memory for actions performed either infrequently or on an irregular basis ) rahter than habitual prospective remembering (memory for actions routinely engaged in). Subjects included 41 5-year-old and 41 7-year-old children. Each child was asked to take an envelope when returning to the classroom, and was then distracted for seven minutes. Remembering was compared in three different conditions: in the cue condition, children were provided with an appropriate picture to use as an external retrieval cue; in the elaboration condition, children were also coached in the use of the cue; a third condition was a control. No significant differences were found among these conditions. A greater number of 7-year-olds than 5-year-olds remembered (p less than .001). Thus the results suggest that young children do not take advantage of external retrieval cues to facilitate episodic prospective remembering, at least when the task and conditions are those of the present investigation. (Author/BRT)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A