ERIC Number: ED119833
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975
Reference Count: 0
Survey of Sex Role Stereotypes in Preschool Children.
Harwood, Joleen; And Others
This study was designed to determine the age at which preschool children acquire rigid sex role stereotypes. A total of 48 3- to 5-year-olds in three day care centers participated in the study. A 10-item questionnaire was administered to each child individually in a location separated from the other children but not out of the day care center. The first two questions were directed at whether the children thought boys could play with dolls and girls could play with trucks. The next seven questions pertained to sex role stereotypes of adults and their work. The 10th question was, "What do you want to be when you grow up?" In this study, a high number of affirmative responses was taken to imply an absence of sex role stereotypes while a high score of negative replies was taken to signify a rigid sex role concept. In the 4- and 5-year-old age group only slightly over half of the responses were affirmative while among 3-year-olds 86 percent of the answers were positive. On question 10, there was no significant difference between the variety of choices of males and females. It was concluded that the majority of 4- and 5-year-olds have begun to form more rigid sex role stereotypes in comparison with 3-year-old children who still show flexible sex role concepts. (JMB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Utah Univ., Salt Lake City.
Authoring Institution: N/A