ERIC Number: ED119831
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1975-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
The Expectations of Black and White Children in First Grade.
Entwisle, Doris R.; Hayduk, Leslie A.
This study examined: (1) the expectations of black and white lower class first graders for their own performance in reading, arithmetic, and conduct; (2) racial differences in the relationship between parental expectations and IQ; (3) correlation between the absences and lateness of first graders with reading and arithmetic marks and with parental expectations; (4) comparisons between parents and teachers of middle class and lower class school children in estimating marks; (5) comparison between the involvement of middle and lower class parents; and (6) the match between individual parents' and children's expectations. First grade children were found to be highly optimistic about marks in reading and conduct but less optimistic about arithmetic marks. White lower class parents were found to base performance expectations on their child's IQ, but for black parents, IQ played no part in determining initial expectations. All correlations between absences and first grade reading and arithmetic marks were highly significant. Parents and teachers were found to "play it safe" in expressing expectations and awarded mostly "Bs" in estimating children's future marks. Lower class parents were found to be far less involved (as measured by response in this research) than middle class parents. There was found to be no match between individual parents' and children's expectations in any subject area in both the middle class and lower class schools studied. (GO)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A