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ERIC Number: ED119816
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975-Mar
Pages: 9
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Reading Disabilities Prevention in Five Year Olds: A Case of Development X Treatment Interaction.
Farnsworth, Linda L.; And Others
A total of 211 kindergarten children, aged 63 to 81 months, were classified into two groups according to the risk of failure in first grade predicted for them on the basis of their performance on the Wide Range Achievement Test (WRAT) and the Draw a Person (DAP) test. According to prediction, Group I children without intervention would probably fail at learning to read, and Group II children would read with no unusual difficulty. A diagnostic/prescriptive program was designed for each child in each group and implemented through the kindergarten year; however, Group I children received more intensive individualized attention than Group II children. At the end of the year the children were reassessed and reassigned to risk groups, and the data were compared to data obtained in other kindergartens. Results showed that risk status is related to level of development, but not to age or sex. There is tentative evidence to suggest that readiness for success in Grade 1 depends upon development as well as kindergarten training. Correlation between development and risk may point to reasons why (of the "at risk" children who profited most from prescriptive education in kindergarten) the boys performed at levels below those of their female classmates at the end of the year. Little variance in risk status was explained by DAP, which was negatively correlated with reading readiness and fine motor control. (GO)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Washington, D.C., March 30-April 4. 1975)