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ERIC Number: ED119812
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1975-Sep-1
Pages: 10
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Measurement and Social Development.
Damon, William
This paper describes the development of measures of young children's social thinking, particularly as applied to moral problems. The Kohlberg procedure of presenting problems and dilemmas to children was adopted, but the Kohlberg dilemmas were found to seem remote to children younger than 10 years of age, and incomprehensible to children younger than 6 years of age. Adaptation of the dilemmas was approached by first determining the central features of a young child's social life and then designing problems accordingly. Four central concerns were distinguished in the social-moral universe of a young child: (1) concerns of "positive justice," including problems like why and how one should share with others; (2) concerns of authority; (3) concerns of responsibility and blame; and (4) concerns of social convention and custom. A distinct sequence of stages is described through which each of the conceptual concerns develops in children between ages 4 and 10. The measurement of social-conceptual development in preschool and elementary school children is discussed, and it is suggested that engaging children in a real situation with practical consequences for them may be more meaningful than instructing them at the hypothetical-verbal level. (GO)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A