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ERIC Number: ED119811
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975-Aug
Pages: 19
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Developmental Study of Serial Habituation.
Miller, Dolores J.; And Others
This study examines serial habituation in a sample of 54 infants aged 2, 3, and 4 months to determine whether age changes are partially a function of different "strategies" rather than simply different rates of habituation. The serial habituation hypothesis proposes that attention and habituation of attention proceed in order of the relative saliencies of cues. This hypothesis was examined cross sectionally, longitudinally within subjects, and longitudinally between subjects (by cohorts) using a traditional habituation paradigm. Individual components of the standard stimulus were displayed before and after successive exposures of the standard for familiarization. Relative saliencies of the individual components for each child were indexed by measuring the degree of response produced by the initial presentation. When pre- and post-exposure fixation times were compared, it appeared that for all ages habituation was underway to the parts of the stimulus in order of the relative saliencies in agreement with the serial habituation hypothesis. The data were also found to be fairly consistent across methodologies, suggesting that results were not a product of a particular experimental design. In addition, it was found that while the order of interaction with components is in agreement with the serial habituation hypothesis, apparent differences between groups of "fast habituators" and "slow habituators" lend some validity to the idea that rate of habituation may be an index of information processing or efficiency. (Author/GO)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Psychological Association (83rd, Chicago, Illinois, August 30-September 3, 1975)