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ERIC Number: ED119526
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Etymology: A Computerized Model.
Burton-Hunter, Sarah K.
Under the assumption that, with the exception of certain learned, retarded, and borrowed words, the bulk of any language undergoes sound changes that are regular over any given geographical area, over any given time span, and in any given sound environment, these sound changes have been reduced to logical terms and have been programmed to generate regularly derived cognate forms from a "proto, language. Classical Latin and Old French were chosen for the prototype, with an intermediate stage in Vulgar Latin. The computer has been programmed to recognize the whole of the sound environment: to recognize and place accents; to recognize a "syllable," a penult, antepenult, tonic and intertonic vowels, etc.; and to note qualities and quantities of vowels. Sound-change patterns have been programmed. The only data input is the Classical Latin word with vowels marked long or short; the program generates the changes the word has undergone and prints out the resulting forms in Vulgar Latin and Old French. The study has proven the feasibility of developing a program delineating regular sound-change patterns and generating etymological dictionaries of regularly derived cognate forms for a given proto-language, derivative languages and dialect variations. (Author/CLK)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at International Conference of Computers in the Humanities (2nd, Los Angeles, California, April, 1975)