ERIC Number: ED119470
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1975-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
A Treatment of Passives and Pronouns in Lummi Matrix Sentences. Lektos: Interdisciplinary Working Papers in Language Sciences, Special Issue.
A conservative analysis of simple declarative sentences in Lummi is given in order to clarify the role of the morpheme "ng" (a phonetic approximation of this morpheme) and the order and form of pronouns. In Lummi the combination of the transitivizer and "ng" acts as a passive marker on the verb. However, there are cases where the passive cannot be formed as well as cases where it is optional or obligatory. The interaction of the passive and the irregularity in the pronouns is discussed. In Lummi there are at least two kinds of pronouns in matrix sentences: subject pronouns and object pronouns. These cliticize onto the verb in all cases. The interesting irregularity is in the third person subject pronoun "-s". Here it is proposed that "-s" is in some cases a third person pronoun and in others an agreement marker on the verb. (Author)
Descriptors: American Indian Languages, Descriptive Linguistics, Form Classes (Languages), Language Patterns, Language Research, Morphology (Languages), Pronouns, Salish, Sentence Structure, Verbs
University of Louisville, Interdisciplinary Program in Linguistics, Room 214 Humanities, Louisville, Kentucky 40208
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Louisville Univ., KY. Interdisciplinary Program in Linguistics.