ERIC Number: ED119390
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976
Reference Count: 0
Private Schools: From the Puritans to the Present. Fastback Series, No. 78. Bicentennial Series.
Kraushaar, Otto F.
Private education (both church-related and nonsectarian) has been an integral part of United States history since the colonial period. Until late in the nineteenth century, the concept of public, government-supported education was far from widespread. The notion that the government is responsible for providing free education for every child developed very slowly and did not gain general acceptance until after the Civil War. The transition from the idea of education as an extension of church and family, to the idea of education as a function of government and society as a whole, was very gradual. But once the concept of public education took root, conflict arose between private and public schooling. Often this conflict took on ugly racist and anti-parochial overtones. However, the conflict between public and church-related schools did not mean that public education was free of religious bias. Public education is still characterized by Protestant values, though their influence has progressively diminished. Public and private schools must solve complex problems arising from their frequently uneasy partnership. Both types of schools are essential in educating the nation's youth. (DS)
Descriptors: Conflict, Educational History, Elementary Secondary Education, Higher Education, History, Parochial Schools, Private Colleges, Private Schools, Public Education, Public Schools, State Church Separation, United States History
Phi Delta Kappa, Eighth and Union, Box 789, Bloomington, Indiana 47401 ($0.50, quantity and membership discounts; payment must accompany orders of $5.00 or less)
Publication Type: Reference Materials - Bibliographies
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Phi Delta Kappa, Bloomington, IN.