ERIC Number: ED119038
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1973-Aug
Teaching Problem-Solving Skills: Development of an Instructional Model Based on Human Abilities Related to Efficient Problem Solving. Final Report.
Speedie, Stuart M.; And Others
This study investigates one way humans cope with change--problem-solving. It concentrates on the human abilities important to efficient problem-solving and the processes involved in problem-solving. The objectives of this study were: (1) to develop three group administration tasks that measure problem-solving processes; (2) to evaluate the reliability of these tasks; (3) to determine the predictability of performance on these tasks from a set of human ability measures specified by the Structure of Intellect model; and (4) to determine the underlying structure of the ability measures and problem-solving criteria. Seventeen tests of ability, along with four of the problem-solving criterion tasks, were administered to a sample of 490 fifth-grade students. Test-retest reliabilities were found to be quite low, but regression analysis revealed that convergent production of semantic transformations and two memory abilities were related to performance on simulated problems; memory and evaluation abilities were related to Verbal Maze performance; and logical reasoning and noticing details were important to concept identification. The lack of important results indicates the need for replication of the study with several important changes in design. (Author)
Publication Type: Guides - General
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Bureau of Research.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Not available in hard copy due to marginal legibility of original document