ERIC Number: ED119033
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971
Reference Count: 0
Factors Affecting Co-Operative vs. Competitive Behavior in Dyads.
O'Day, Gerald; Phelan, Joseph G.
Theoretical interpretations of cooperation and competition are discussed in relation to motivational and situational determinants. It is suggested that the degree of competition exhibited in an interaction is an inverse function of the quantity of resources available, and that the effect of situational characteristics on cooperative behavior is related to pressure from the social environment. The present experiment examines the dyadic interaction resulting when a competitive situation defined in terms of limited resources is altered by presentation of a cooperative contingency. The results of this study indicate that for each reward that can control the behavior of a subject in a social situation there exists a cooperative or competitive contingency for obtaining that reward. The results of this study are discussed in relation to the importance of analyzing situational forces. (SJL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Not available in hard copy due to marginal legibility of original document