ERIC Number: ED118813
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1975-Oct
Intermittent and Flexible Work Schedules and Welfare Mothers' Employment. Phase 2.
Franklin, David S.
The project worked closely and supportively with California welfare mothers, helping them find suitable employment which meshed with their parenting functions, to demonstrate and test the impact of flexible work schedules and to determine whether business and industry could provide flexibly scheduled work (part-time, temporary, or intermittent). Activities undertaken included: job finding and job development; career counseling; providing job, training, housing, child care, and other information; and operating group support workshops. The report makes it very clear that: (1) during a recession, when well-qualified applicants abound, private industry will not consider structuring its work force to welfare mothers' needs, without obvious benefits; and (2) reducing the number of dependent families on the welfare rolls is not a realistic objective even with permanent employment on a part-time basis, unless on-the-job training increases mothers' hourly rate. Then the amount of welfare contributed toward support could be reduced. The case against intermittent jobs was strong. Many women who successfully obtained a job through the project required carefully structured and consistent help. If welfare policy states that self-support is a goal, clients' efforts require support; viewing their needs and readiness broadly is more effective than job placement alone. (Author/AJ)
Descriptors: Agency Cooperation, Agency Role, Coordination, Counseling Services, Demonstration Programs, Employed Parents, Employed Women, Employer Attitudes, Employment Problems, Employment Programs, Females, Heads of Households, Job Development, Job Placement, One Parent Family, Part Time Employment, Social Science Research, Social Welfare, Welfare Recipients, Welfare Services, Working Hours
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Department of Labor, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: University of Southern California, Los Angeles. Regional Research Inst. in Social Welfare.
Identifiers - Location: California