ERIC Number: ED118701
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975
Reference Count: 0
Special Studies of Our Nation's Students.
Mayeske, George W.; Beaton, Albert E., Jr.
The present study is the fourth and last in a series that specifically deals with the nations' schools, student achievement, and students' attitudes toward life. This volume employs new methods and categories of analysis to re-examine certain earlier findings such as the lack of any appreciable relationship between achievement level and having a family from which neither parent is absent and the greater independent role of family background fractors in a students' achievement. The role of two previously neglected variables -- that of sex and school attendance in either a metropolitan or non-metropolitan area -- in achievement and motivation is also explored. Earlier reported findings are seen to be substantially confirmed, extended, and made more specific in this report. The study shows that influences on student achievement tend to resolve themselves into attitudinal and motivational factors and social class factors, with the latter assuming the most importanne. Neither ethnicity, sex, nor regional differences account greatly for the source of variance in student achievement. Ethnically related variations in achievement and motivation are not considered to arise from anything inherent in the ethnic groups themselves and the crucial factor suggested is each group's experiences as a group, including the school attended. The most important achievement of these studies is deemed to lie in the documentation and quantification of the entanglement of influences in a child's education. (Author/AM)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Achievement Gains, American Indians, Asian Americans, Blacks, Cultural Influences, Ethnic Groups, Methods, Metropolitan Areas, Mexican Americans, Motivation, National Norms, Puerto Ricans, Regional Schools, Sex Differences, Social Attitudes, Social Influences, Student Attitudes, Suburban Schools, Success, Urban Schools, Whites
Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402 (Stock No. 017-080-01380-1; *$3.95)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.