ERIC Number: ED118644
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1974-May-20
Reference Count: 0
Solucion de Problemas y Procesos Cognoscitivos (Problem Solving and Cognitive Processes). Publication No. 41.
Rimoldi, Horacio J. A.
The study of problem solving is made through the analysis of the process that leads to the final answer. The type of information obtained through the study of the process is compared with the information obtained by studying the final answer. The experimental technique used permits to identify the sequence of questions (tactics) that subjects ask when solving a problem. Problems may be characterized in terms of their logical structure and their manner of presentation (language). Those problems having the same logical structure (isomorphic) may be solved using the ideal tactics. Ideal tactics is not redundant, reduces uncertainty to zero, has no inversions in the order in which questions are asked and has no irrelevancies. The observer tactics may be evaluated considering"distance" to the ideal tactics. Results obtained in several studies are rePorted. A theoretical formulation of cognitive processes is attempted. This formulation is based on experimental data and considers two basic components: (1) logical structure, and (2) language, as well as their interaction and the influence that other variables have on cognitive processes. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Centro Interdisciplinario de Investigaciones en Psicologia Matematica y Experimental, Buenos Aires (Argentina).
Note: In Spanish